Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a very common type of eczema that affects both children and adults. It is a chronic condition that appears and may disappear for some time or even for life, but it also alternates with other types of eczema.
What is atopic dermatitis and why does it appear on the face?
Atopic dermatitis is a condition whose causes are still not entirely clear. Science has not been able to determine why it appears, although it is known that the immune system becomes overactive and disordered, which causes severe inflammation responsible for damage to the skin barrier, leaving the skin extremely dry, with rashes and itching, which can also appear in different colours such as brown, greyish or purple.
Some research, such as that published in the National Library of Medicine (NIH) has shown that atopic dermatitis has a complex aetiology that includes genetic and environmental factors leading to abnormalities in the epidermis and immune system, and deduces how some people have a mutation of the gene responsible for creating filaggrin, a protein that helps maintain a healthy skin barrier.
Atopic dermatitis, according to the report, usually begins in infancy during the first six months of a baby’s life. While in some cases, the condition is milder and improves seasonally, in others, it can worsen and flare-ups continue for life into adulthood, even coexisting with other allergic conditions such as asthma or hay fever, conditions that aggravate or can trigger the onset of atopic dermatitis.
Symptoms of atopic dermatitis and who is at risk for it
The most common symptom of atopic dermatitis, especially visible on the face, is excessive itching that develops daily and is accompanied by pain and discomfort at bedtime.
When itching starts to develop on other parts of the body, where rashes ooze fluid or bleed when scratched, atopic dermatitis is a problem. The skin may become discoloured, and dry to the point of thickening and subsequent hardening, a process called lichenification.
Other research published in the scientific journal of (EAACI), the European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, concludes that another trigger for atopic dermatitis is environmental causes affecting susceptible individuals. Among these, extrinsic factors such as low microbial exposure and diversity, antibiotic exposure, urban environment, exposure to tobacco smoke, stress, food and pollutants are cited as equally important for the development of atopic dermatitis.
How to prevent treat and relieve atopic dermatitis
Atopic dermatitis has different treatments which, in general, are based on bathing routines, continuous hydration of the skin, a healthy diet, or stronger treatments in more severe cases such as the use of topical corticoids, etc.
However, when the condition comes and goes mildly, treatments include:
- Managing stress
- Eating a healthy diet
- Llevar some sleep routines and ensure that it is of good quality
- Avoid known triggers
- Maintain regular bathing and constant moisturising habits to protect and strengthen the skin barrier.
In more severe cases, other treatments available include topical non-steroidal biologics, corticosteroids or topical corticosteroids. It is worth noting that continuous or chronic use without long periods of rest leads to some long-term side effects, such as the appearance of stretch marks, atrophy or potential thinning of the skin, telangiectasis or spider veins, and in more severe cases, progressive muscle weakness, increased risk of infections and delayed wound healing.
In short, atopic dermatitis still has no cure, so the person who suffers from it suffers inflammations on the face that come and go and damage the skin barrier, leaving it very dry and prone to rashes and itching, so it is essential to use creams with Organic Silica as Soriaskin composed of plants such as echinacea, with powerful antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects for the skin or horsetail, very effective for its healing and haemostatic properties, a cream that acts as daily protection for itchy, irritated skin or skin prone to dryness and flaking.
In addition, this treatment can be combined with drinkable formulas such as Silicium G7 Original, composed of minerals capable of promoting natural collagen in the body, nourishing cells and maintaining optimal skin health.