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puntos rojos en la piel que son

Red spots on the skin: What are they and why do they appear?

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Have you noticed red spots on your skin and don’t know why they have appeared? Petechiae are round, red spots without relief caused by bleeding from the skin. As a rule, their appearance is due to benign reasons such as exertion or coughing, but on other occasions, the reason may be different.

In this article, we’ll find out why red spots appear on the skin and how to get rid of them. We will also give tips to prevent them from appearing, so read!

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Why do the Ruby dots come out?

Red spots on the skin, or as they are also known, ruby spots, occur when capillaries in the skin bleed and blood spill out. This is the reason for their striking red colour, although the shade can vary from reddish-brown to purplish. Petechiae are usually painless and do not cause itching or other skin sensations. The most common areas where they typically appear are on the arms, legs, abdomen, mouth and eyes.

One way to distinguish red spots on the skin from other skin conditions is that their colour does not change in intensity or turn whitish when pressed. Some of the factors that can cause ruby spots are as follows:

  • Ageing of the skin. Petechiae usually appear after age 40 but can also occur in younger people if there is a genetic factor.
  • The sun.  Although it is not a direct cause, it can affect fair skin or skin that has not been properly protected from the sun.
  • Hormonal changes, such as those occurring in the bodies of pregnant women.
  • Genetics. These lesions have a genetic component, which means that if you have a family member who suffers from petechiae, you are more likely to suffer from them.
  • Use drugs such as penicillin, quinine, phenytoin, anticoagulants, and acetylsalicylic acid, among others.
  • Prolonged exertion, whether from coughing, vomiting, lifting, or giving birth.
  • Infections caused by viruses or bacteria.
  • Autoimmune diseases, liver diseases or coagulation problems.

Should I worry about red spots on my skin?

Although the exact cause of red spots on the skin is unknown, there is nothing to worry about as they are not cancerous. It is benign, but you should not forget about these spots. The best thing to do is to keep a check and if any of the following warning signs appear, remember to see a health professional for a diagnosis of your particular case and not to carry out any treatment at home on your own:

  • Large numbers appear in one particular area.
  • The marks start to itch, bother or hurt. This type of stain does not cause any of these things.
  • If the red dots bleed when rubbed.
  • If it changes colour around the edges and changes texture.

How to treat red spots on the skin?

When red spots appear on the skin, the most important thing is not to try to remove them at home with natural methods because although it may seem harmless, it can be dangerous. So, if you are wondering if there is a solution to treat petechiae, the answer is yes. Currently, there are three very simple alternatives:

  • Laser.
  • Pulsed light.
  • Radiofrequency scalpel.

But if you want to prevent them or avoid the appearance of these red spots on your skin, here are some tips to help you keep them at bay:

  • Take food supplements such as G7 Siliplant Biodinamizado 1L, based on organic silicon, which contributes to the formation of collagen and the elimination of toxins from the body.
  • Eat a healthy, balanced diet. It is important to eat fruit and vegetables, as well as foods rich in omega-3 and 6.
  • Stay well hydrated and drink at least 2 litres of water daily – hydration is essential for skin care.
  • Use sunscreen to prevent photo-ageing.
  • Carry out regular facial cleansing to keep your skin clean and healthy.
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Now you know why red spots appear on the skin and how to get rid of them, remember that it is essential to monitor their appearance, shape and colour. If they appear in large numbers or if their condition is suspicious, see a medical specialist as soon as possible.

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