If you have been to a medical-aesthetic clinic or undergone a treatment such as laser hair removal, you have probably been told what your skin phototype is. It’s an interesting concept in aesthetic medicine, but it also provides essential information for daily skin care. For example, it is important to know your skin phototype when choosing your sunscreen.
In this article we tell you what skin phototype is, how many there are and why you should know yours.
The skin’s ability to assimilate the sun’s ultraviolet rays is called phototype. This depends on skin tone. As you know, darker skin tends to burn less, and lighter skin burns sooner. In other words, the lighter your skin, the less able it is to assimilate ultraviolet rays. Hence the importance of applying sunscreen.
In 1975, Harvard dermatologist Thomas Fitzpatrick categorised the different types of fair skin and numbered them from 0 to VI. Some time later, this categorisation was modified to include dark skin.
The skin phototypes were based on the following criteria:
- Hair colour.
- Skin colour.
- The rapidity with which social burns appear when skin is exposed to the sun.
- The tone of the skin when exposed to sunlight. In other words, what colour does it take on when it tans?
There are 7 different skin phototypes:
- Phototype 0. Albinism. This is the lightest skin tone and probably the least frequent skin type. This skin phototype is characterised by an almost total absence of melanin. Both skin and hair are white – hair may also have yellow tones. The recommendation is not to expose oneself to the sun as albino people never tan but can get sunburnt.
- Phototype I. Redheads. People with this phototype are blondes or redheads. Their skin is very fair and sensitive to the sun, so it is recommended that they use very high protection factors throughout the year to avoid sunburn.
- Phototype II. Blondes. It is characterised by blond or reddish hair and light eyes -blue or brown-. People with this phototype almost always get sunburnt, although they can get a tan when the sun’s rays are not so intense -such as at the end of the summer-. The recommendation is also to use a high protection factor on a daily basis.
- Phototype III. Brown hair and eyes. However, people with blond hair and green eyes also fall into phototype III. In this case, people with skin phototype III can withstand sun exposure for longer, but they need sunscreen, especially in summer.
- Phototype IV. Brown skin from birth. Generally, this phototype corresponds to people with brown hair and brown eyes. They have greater tolerance to the sun and their skin tans and acquires beautiful tones. However, if they are going to be exposed to the sun for a long time, the best thing to do is to use sunscreen.
- Phototype V. Dark skin, dark brown hair and eyes. People with this skin phototype are more resistant to the intensity of UV rays. They tan more easily, but can burn in cases of intense and prolonged exposure to the sun.
- Phototype VI. Black skin with deep black eyes and hair. The resistance to UV rays of this skin phototype is maximum. They only burn if they are exposed to the sun in an extreme way.
The higher the phototype, the better the skin’s defence against the sun. In fact, people with very dark skin do not burn because they have a lot of melanin.
Now that you can determine your skin phototype, you have more information on how to take care of your skin. In general, you should know that the lower your skin phototype, the higher the protection factor should be. It is essential that you incorporate sunscreen into your skin routine and complement it with natural practices and supplements that care for your skin in depth. The more hydrated and nourished your skin is, the more it is protected against external agents.
To take the best care of your skin, you must nourish it on the outside but also on the inside. That’s why we suggest incorporating into your diet some supplements based on organic silica, which helps regenerate tissues, and collagen, which provides elasticity and firmness. In addition, you can complement your beauty routine with products specially formulated to enhance the beauty of your skin.
- Silicium G5 Gel, with vitamin E, protects your skin from free radicals. It also improves the skin’s elasticity and elasticity.
- Silicium Serum & Elixir Essentiel. Intensely nourishes and prevents pollution from damaging the dermis. Promotes the production of collagen and elastin, which reduces the depth of wrinkles. Its ingredients include wheat germ oil, which has a natural protection factor 20.
- Rosehip Silicium, for deep moisturising. Improves signs of fatigue, firmness of the skin and reduces expression lines. Also contains wheat germ oil.
You can also nourish your skin from within by incorporating silica and collagen into your diet. We propose two very versatile ways:
- Living Silica Hydrolyzed Collagen Peptides, which is also rich in fibre.
- G7 Siliplant Biodinamizado, organic silica based on plants that promotes your health and beauty thanks to its powerful anti-ageing action.
So you see, to take care of your skin from external factors like the sun, it’s good to know your skin phototype to choose your sunscreen and determine how often to use it. But it is also beneficial to take care of your skin and moisturise it, both inside and out, to radiate health on all four sides.